Custody is one of the most contested issues in family law, since parents understandably have differing ideas of how to raise their child(ren) and how much time each should spend with them. Two types of custody exist: physical and legal custody. Physical custody dictates the time and schedules each parent has over their child(ren). Legal custody dictates which parent makes decisions over the child’s upbringing, schooling, health, and religion. Physical custody dictates which parent has physical possession of the child.
Legal custody can either be sole, where one parent has all the authority to make decisions, or joint, where the parents share in decisions. Physical custody can be primary, where one parents has custody over 60% of the time, or joint, where each parent has custody at least 40% of the time.